Khutbah Iedul Fitr 1434 H

The Beauty of Islam

by: Purni Susanto

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

 

الله أكبر (9  مرات) . الله أكبر كبيراً والحمد لله كثيراً. وسبحان الله بكرةً وأصيلاً. لا إله إلاّ الله والله أكبر، الله أكبر ولله الحمد. الحمد لله الذي فرض علينا الصيام وبعث لنا خير الأنام. أشهد أن لا إله إلاّ الله وحده، صَدَقَ وعْدَه ونصَر عبْدَه وأعزّ جُنْدَه وهزَم اْلأحْزَابَ وحدَه، وأشهد أنّ محمداً عبده ورسوله لا نبي بعد، فصلوات الله وسلامُه على هذا النبي الكريم وعلى آله وذريته وأصحابه أجمعين. أمّا بعد، فيا عباد الله أوصي نفسي وإياكم بتقوى الله، إنه من يتق ويصبر فإن الله لا يضيع أجر المحسنين. يقول المولى عز وجل: ﴿ وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَىٰ عَلَى اللَّهِ الْكَذِبَ وَهُوَ يُدْعَىٰ إِلَى الْإِسْلَامِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ﴾ (الصف: 7).

Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) 3x

Ma’asyiral Muslimin wal muslimat rahimakumullah

There is no god except Him, And Allah is the greatest, to Him belongs all praise. Glory be to Allah, Who has given us the precious gift of life. We thank Allah for this wonderful and beautiful day of Eid. The sacred days of the glorious month of Ramadhan have gone past so speedily. People everywhere are making great preparations for the celebration of the festival of Eidul Fitr. We sadly bid farewell to the blessed month of Ramadhan, knowing that ahead of us lie many Ramadhans, which we may or may not reach.

The blessed day of Eid is a time of great joy for having served our Lord sincerely and feeling spiritually recharged. On this morning of Eid, Satan shouts with extreme disappointment and summons his armies to his accursed presence as he failed to lead the believers to do bad deeds.

One of the prominent Muslim scholars, a professor of Islamic studies at Oxford University, Tariq Ramadhan once said: “The fasting month is a school of faith, spirituality, awareness, giving, solidarity, justice, dignity and unity. Nothing less. It is the month when introspection among Muslims should be deepest; the month of their greatest contribution to humanity.”

The month of Ramadan is the world’s most widespread fast and yet its teachings are minimised, neglected and even betrayed (through literal application of rules that overlooks their ultimate objective).

During the fasting days, we are called upon to abstain from eating, drinking and responding to our instincts, to help us turn inward, to our heart and the meaning of our lives. To fast means to experience sincerity, to observe our shortcomings, contradictions and failings – no longer to attempt to hide or to lie and instead to focus our efforts on the search for ourselves and for the meaning and priorities of our lives.

Beyond food, fasting requires us to examine ourselves, to recognise our limits humbly and to reform ourselves ambitiously. It is a month of renewal, of critically summing up our lives, our needs, our forgetfulness and our hopes. We must take time for ourselves, to look after ourselves, to meditate, to contemplate, simply to reflect and to love.

Seen in this light, the month of Ramadan is the best possible expression of anti-consumerism: to be and not to have, to free ourselves of the dependencies that our consumption-based societies not only stimulate but magnify.

The tradition of fasting was prescribed, the Qur’an tells us, for all religious traditions before Islam. It is a practice we share with all spiritualities and religions and as such it bears the mark of the human family, the human fraternity. To fast is to participate in the history of these religions, a history that possesses a meaning that has its own demands upon us and that is shaped by destinies and by ultimate goals.

Allahua akbar3x

Dear Brother and sisters in Islam

There are so many lessons that we have gained through the fasting experience. Firstly, Ramadhan teaches us to be thankful of every Grace, even just a little.

Every single day, we acquired uncountable graces from Allah, The Most Gracious. But sometimes, even with those merits, we still feel dissatisfied. For example, Allah swt. has granted us health, body and soul, which, if one want to pay to have it, is very expensive, even unmeasurable. Allah has given us long ages, which could never be paid even by all riches we possess. Nevertheless, we just consider that our wealth is our only grace, sole fortune. While actually, our health, age, and on the top of that, our belief (iman), are either wonderful graces from Allah The Merciful.

Ibn Al Qayyim- rahimahullahu/ once said that there are 3 forms of graces: First, graces that visible to one’s eye; second, graces that being longed for, third, graces which presence is unfelt by it’s owner

Those are graces that often be neglected. We might only know the graces before our eyes, such as luxurious house, great vehicles, plentiful salary, and so on. Simultaneously, we always hope to acquire other fortunes, for example, our willing to stay firm in our obedience, future happiness, prosperous living, and many more. But beside that, there are graces we never realize, whereas they are indeed His graces.

Health is Wealth

Our health, as our leisure, is also a part of graces we seldom realize. Even to get our health back, we could spend a lot of money. But still, when it is back, soon it’ll be neglected as before.

The Prophet- Shallallahu ‘alayh wa Sallam said,

نِعْمَتَانِ مَغْبُونٌ فِيهِمَا كَثِيرٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ ، الصِّحَّةُ وَالْفَرَاغُ

“Two things most people be fooled in, health and leisure time” (Recorded by Bukhari no.6412, narrated by Ibn Abbas)

Ibn Baththal- rahimahullahu- said, “One isn’t dubbed as having leisure time, until his body is also healthy. Whoever possess both of these (the leisure time and health), ought to be enthusiast in seizing every good deeds, so that he won’t be fooled by being ungrateful to Allah. And grateful is by enduring every orders He commanded and avoiding every prohibitions He made. Whoever escaped these form of grateful, is indeed fooled (taken from Fath Al Baari, 11/230).

Fortunes isn’t Identical to Money

If all human beings unite to create lists of Allah graces upon them, they will be much troubled to accomplish such list. As Allah azza wajalla had mentioned,

وَآتَاكُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ مَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُ ۚ وَإِنْ تَعُدُّوا نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ لَا تُحْصُوهَا ۗ إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَظَلُومٌ كَفَّارٌ

 “And He giveth you all of that ye ask for. But if ye count the favours of Allah never will ye be able to number them; verily, man is given up to injustice and ingratitude” (Ibrahim/Abraham: 34)

If every single thing of ourselves, whether we realize it or not, is His favour, then we must be grateful for all of it. But how it will be possible for us to be grateful, if we even do not consider it as grace or favour?

O brother and sisters, Probably each of us have heard that the main key of eternal joy upon us is grateful. It is mentioned in The Holy Qur’an that,

وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ

“And remember! Your Lord caused to be declared (publicly): “If ye are grateful, I will add more (favours) unto you; but if ye show ingratitude, truly My punishment is terrible indeed” (Ibrahim: 7)

But most of us, even never realize those graces He had bestowed upon us, and occasionally, refuse and disgrace them. How often we find one blames the wind, sun heat, rain, and various other graces of Him?

Ibn Abi Hatim narrated that Fudhail Ibn ‘Iyadh had told,:” One day, Prophet Daud/David – peace be upon him- invoked Allah: O Allah, how can I be grateful of your graces, while the gratitude itself is also a gift from You?. Allah answered his invocation by declaring: “Now you truly be grateful to Me, it is when you realize that all graces belong to Me” (taken from Tafsir Ibn Katsir)

It’s not odd for Allah swt. to dub His creatures as, “injustice and ingratitude” as in previous verse, and this verse below,

وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَحْيَاكُمْ ثُمَّ يُمِيتُكُمْ ثُمَّ يُحْيِيكُمْ إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لَكَفُورٌ

“It is He who gave you life, will cause you to die, and will again give you life; truly man is a most ungrateful creature!” (Al Hajj:66)

Which means, His favours are imaginably numerous, and not identical to money, since rain, offsprings, and health are also form of His favours.

One day, Ibn As Simaak came to face Harun Ar Rasheed. Before long, Harun Ar Rasheed felt thirsty and so he ordered some drinks to be brought to him. Without much thinking, a servant brought him a vessel contained cold water. Before Harun Ar Rasheed drank the water, he told Ibn As Simaak, “Give me an advice!.” Not wanting to waste the chance, Ibn As Simaak said to him at once, “O leader of the believers! What are you going to make up for the drinking water when you’re thirsty while I am able to prevent you from drinking it?”. Harun answered, “With a half of my kingdom.” Next Ibn As Simaak said, “Please enjoy your drink.” After Harun Ar Rasheed drank the water, Ibn As Simaak asked again, “Imagine, if I were capable to prevent the water you drank to escape from your body (by blocking your urinary tract), how much will you pay to get your urine passed?” Harun Ar Rasheed replied, “With my whole kingdom.”

Upon hearing his answer, Ibn As Simaak told him, ‘”A kingdom, which a half of it is valued as much as a gulp of water, and the rest is valued with urine, is not worthy to be struggled for.” Upon hearing this advice, Harun Ar Rasheed cried heavily.” (See: “Tarikh At Thobary” 6/538 and “Al Bidayah wa An Nihayah” 10234)

Allahu akbar 3x

Brothers and sisters in Islam

Secondly, Ramadhan teaches us how to fear Allah (be more taqwa) 

Imam Ibrahim Ibn Maimun Ash Shaigh, from the generation of the students of tabeen. Imam Ibn Hajar al ‘Asqalani cited from his biography that his was a blacksmith, but when he heard the calling of prayer (adhan), even if he had lifted his hammer, he wouldn’t be able to use it and he would immediately left his work to pray.

Look how great the fear and glorification of the pious men to Allah swt, hence any kind of activities they did, never made them neglected the calling to pray to Allah.

Allah swt. decreed:

ذَلِكَ وَمَنْ يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِنْ تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ

“Such is the fact. And whoso venerates the sanctity of all that have been ordained as symbols of Allah surely does so because it is part of the true piety of the hearts.” (QS. Al-Hajj/The Pilgrimage: 32).

Several wisdoms to take from the stories above are:

– A pious believer is one who are not neglecting prayers and remembrance of Allah the Holy and Exalted due to his business and activities. And Allah The Holy and Exalted praised this quality in His decree: {رِجَالٌ لَا تُلْهِيهِمْ تِجَارَةٌ وَلَا بَيْعٌ عَنْ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ الصَّلَاةِ وَإِيتَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ

فِيهِ الْقُلُوبُ وَالْأَبْصَارُ يَخَافُونَ يَوْمًا تَتَقَلَّبُ }

“people whom neither commerce nor striving after profit diverts them from remembering Allah, from establishing Prayer, and from paying Zakat; people who dread the Day on which all hearts will be overturned and eyes will be petrified;” (QS. An-Nuur/The Light: 37).

-Working and trading places are very potential in neglecting people from remembering Allah swt. Therefore, mentioning and remembering Allah azza wa jalla, on such places are of great excellence in the side of Allah swt.

Allahu akbar 3x

Thirdly, ramadhan teaches us to be fair and promote justice

Truthfulness, justice, sincerity and honesty all flow from the same fountain. You cannot be trustworthy and sincere unless you are truthful. You cannot love and practise justice unless you love truth. Let us consider Sayeddina Umar’s RA love for truth and justice in this incident in Makka. Performing the Tawwaaf with Umar was his close friend and king of a neighbouring state, Jabala. As Jabala was walking around the Ka’aba, an Arab peasant accidentally trod on the point of his scarf and it was dragged off his shoulders and fell on the floor. The king became so angry that he did not wait for the peasant to apologise or explain, but hit the man with his full force in his face, bruising him rather badly. The man complained to the Caliph Umar about his treatment and explained that he had not seen the point of the scarf on the ground as he walked. Umar asked his friend the King Jabala if he had assaulted the man and he replied, “Perfectly true, this rascal trod on my scarf and uncovered me in the House of Allah.” Umar reminded him sternly that it was an accident. But the arrogant king was as defiant as before and replied: “I care not, and had it not been for my reverence for the Kaa’aba and the fact that I dare not shed blood within the Sacred City, I would have killed him on the spot!”

Jabala was a powerful ally and personal friend of the Caliph Umar and he seemed convinced that Umar would not lay a finger against him, a king. But he was wrong. In a calm, but stern voice, Umar replied: “Jabala, you have confessed your guilt, and unless forgiven by the complainant (the peasant), you must submit to the law of retaliation and be beaten by him in return. The king was shocked and answered proudly: “I am a king and he is but a peasant!” S.Umar replied: “You are both Muslims and before Allah, you are equal.”

Allahu akbar 3x

Dear Brothers and sisters in Islam

Fourth, Ramadhan encourages us to think more deeply about equality and egalitarian.

Seeing Islam as a way to reconnect with their roots, the number of Aboriginal Australian Muslim converts is increasingly growing, perceiving a cultural fit between their traditional Indigenous beliefs and the teachings of Islam. This news was true as quoted from “The Conversation website” reported on Wednesday, December 14.

For Alinta, an Aboriginal Australian Muslim, “Islam connects with [her] Aboriginality” because of a shared emphasis on gendered roles and spheres of influence. “In Islam, men have a clear role and women have a clear role, and with Aboriginal people, that’s how it was too.”

Another Aboriginal Australian, Nazra, said that she found a shared concern between Muslims and indigenous Aussies towards environment. “In the Qur’an it tells you very clearly, don’t waste what is not needed … and the Aboriginal community is the same. ” “Water and food are so precious you only take what you need.” Muslims, who have been in Australia for more than 200 years, make up 1.7 percent of its 20-million population.

Rejecting the idea of mono-culturalism, Aboriginals found themselves more attracted to the teachings of Islam, which made human beings into different nations and tribes who should interact to know each other. Islam doesn’t just say “you’re Muslim, that’s it,” Shahzad, another aboriginal, said. “It recognizes we belong to different tribes and nations. Preaching equality between all people, regardless of skin color, Islam found a great support among aboriginal Muslims who suffered from years of racial discrimination.

According to Justin, one of Aussie aboriginals, said “Before, I was the typical black angry man. I was just consumed by anger”. For them, the adoption of a faith that demands the avoidance of alcohol, drugs and gambling has also played a positive role in their lives. That framework connected them to their traditional heritage.

Last but not least, ramadhan also encourage us to learn more about Islam and its scientific teaching. 

I am sure, that you still have a very fresh memory of how dry it was in Australia in summer. The land was dusty, plants were dried, and the weather was prickly, prickly hot. But now, in winter, everything has changed; the land is muddy, greeneries are everywhere, and the temperature is cool or brisk or even very cold. Do you know what causes those changes? All happened due to the rain, which Allah swt. has poured down for the sake of His slaves.

 “Allah sends the winds that stir up clouds and then He spreads them in the sky as He pleases and splits them into different fragments, whereafter you see drops of rain pouring down from them. He then causes the rain to fall on whomsoever of His servants He pleases, and lo, they rejoice at it, although before that they were given to despair. See, then, the tokens of Allah’s Mercy: how He revives the earth after it is dead. Verily He is the One Who will revive the dead. He has power over everything.” (QS. Ar Rum/The Romans: 48-52)

Brother, allow me to ask you a question, “Have you ever think about the function of the rain?” You’d probably swiftly answer, “The rain is there to grow the plants, and fulfill the water needs of living creatures.”

That is true, but to prompt such an answer one doesn’t need a long, deep thinking process; in fact, all living creatures certainly knows or feels so. But what I inquire is a particular answer which reflects your awareness and sensitivity of what truly happened around you.

Through this khutbah, I’d like to entice you to think well about the whole functions of the rain so that you may act appropriately over it. Hence, you’ll be able to feel the pleasure of every drops of the rain showering your land.

 “We also sent down blessed water from the heaven, wherewith We caused gardens and harvest-grain to grow, and tall palm-trees with their thickly-clustered spathes; all this as sustenance for Our servants. And thus We do bring the dead land back to life with water. Such shall be the coming forth (of human beings from the earth).” (QS. Qaaf: 9-11)

Brothers and sisters in Islam, the advancement of science and technology indeed is benefiting human being in many aspects of their life. But in the other hand, unconsciously, it made you easily neglected Allah the Almighty. As the result, many signs of Allah’s power around you became meaningless to you. Due to the revealing of the processes of those signs, such as the sun eclipse, the rain, earthquake, and others, your heart got hardened and untouched at the time you saw it, and nowadays you often name it as natural phenomena or the like.

Needless to say that such attitude reflected how far away you’ve been from the values of faith in Allah the Almighty. As evidence, when the rain came, you didn’t think of it as the sign of Allah’s power, but merely a part of natural cycle on earth. The rain came because it’s winter or rainy season already, and it would stop at the summer season. This was the end of your faith and respond towards it.

May our fasting is able to increase our degree of iman and takwa and change our manner into nobler ones which later on increases the beauty of Islam through our actions.

 

إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا. اللهم صل علي سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم.

Dear Brothers and sisters,

Let’s pray together to Allah, our Lord.

.اللهمّ اغفر لجميع المسلمين والمسلمات الأحياء منهم والأموات إنك سميع قريب مجيب الدعوات. اللهم تقبل صلاتنا وقيامنا وصيامنا وركوعنا وسجودنا وتلاوتنا وصدقاتنا وأعمالنا، وتمّم تقصيرنا يا رب العالمين. اللهمّ إنك عفو تحبّ العفو فاعف عنا يا كريم. اللهمّ توفنا مسلمين وألحقنا بالصالحين .

O Allah! You are my Lord; I am a slave.
You are the Creator; I am the one created.
You are the Provider; I am the one provided.
You are the Owner; I am the one owned.
You are the All-Living; I am the one dead.
You are the All-Forgiving; I am the one sinful.
You are the Grand One; I am the one despicable.
You are the All-Strong; I am the one weak.
You are the Giver; I am the one begging.
You are the One giving Security; I am the one in fear.

You are the All-Healing One; I am the one sick.
So forgive me my sins and spare me and heal my ills, O Allah!

Allah! You deserve most to be mentioned and none but You deserve to be worshipped. You are more helpful than anyone whose help may be sought, and more affectionate than every ruler, more generous than anyone who may be asked for something, and more generous than anyone else who gives. You are the Monarch, having no partners, and the Unique One having no like. Everything is perishable except You. You are our Lord, the All-Compassionate. I ask You, for the sake of the light of Your Face, by which the heavens and earth were illuminated, and for the sake of every right belonging to You, and for the sake of those who ask of You, to forgive me in this morning and in this evening, and to protect me, by Your Power, from hellfire.

 اللهمّ انصر إخواننا المستضعفين في فلسطين وفي سوريا وفي مصر وسائر بلاد المسلمين. رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا. ربنا آتنا في الدنيا حسنة وفي الآخرة حسنة وقنا عذاب النار. والحمد لله رب العالمين

تقبل الله منا ومنكم وكل عام وأنتم بخير .

والسلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

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